The below was transcribed from the video by Sam Coffman, Herbal Medic Read more about Sam at his website, The Human Path, Outreach Efforts, Clinical Training and Sustainability Education. There is a link at the bottom of this page to Sam’s video on YouTube.
Wild Lettuce (AKA Prickly Lettuce, AKA Opium Lettuce) has a sap that is called “lactucarium.” This can be extracted into a highly potent final product that can be stored, used and re-diluted. Lactucarium is very useful for anxiety, PTSD, physical pain, stress, insomnia and much more.
You can prepare this plant in many preparations, tincture, glycerites or you can really concentrate it down into a black paste, rather like tar. This can then be re-absorbed back into different solvents. (we’ll talk about that later)
Dried herb… just before flowering.
100 grams dried herb
1,000 ml of alcohol/water 50/50 of each
so that’s a 1:10 ratio to start…
decoct it in 50/50 alcohol water OR 100 proof
Put alcohol and water and herb together in a pan and simmer (do not boil) until most of the water is gone and what is left is very VERY concentrated.
You can use a lid upside down to catch the steam. Or a bowl on top with ice in it. But crack the “seal” you still want the water to evaporate, but also want to catch the steam… it can be a long process.
But there are loads of constituents, many compounds that are water soluble and we don’t want to miss those.
In fact, if you hold your head over the steam and inhale it, you will definitely get an effect from it.
Now, when you are down to 100-200 ml of water, strain out the marc (the plant material left after you strain it). Put the marc into a percolation funnel… not a true percolation where you are worrying about drip rate, etc, but simply a rinse, running 500 ml of alcohol through the strained marc.
Put the marc back in the pan
Add another 500ml of water
This means 2000 total ml solvent to the original 100 grams of herb making it now, a 1:20 ratio
When we get down to 100 ml of decoction we have a very very thick fluid that is going to be mostly water because the alcohol is now simmered out of the liquid. (it evaporates much faster than the water does)
So, at this point our decoction is NOT shelf stable… we’d have to add more alcohol or glycerin or whatever you are wanting to do for this…
By VOLUME (not weight), at this point, we have a 20:1 concentration. (2000 ml total solvent, decocted down to 100 ml final extraction)
This is mostly water and NOT shelf-stable, however.
But we’re going to go farther than this, because what we really want is the Lactucarium which is a solid when we’re done.
So, the next thing we’re going to do is take this very concentrated decoction and get most of the liquid out of it and make it a solid.
You can do this a number of ways…
What I like to do is double boil it because I don’t want to have it on direct heat. It is kind of touch and go here… too much heat you will burn it… So, we double boil. 🙂
To double boil, we take our remaining 100 ml or so or our double decoction and put it into the double broiler so we aren’t getting direct heat onto it…
Once it starts to thicken up and become a sludge you can do a number of things…
Put it in the oven to cook, no more than 200 degrees F (100 C) not higher or that and you risk losing the Lactucopircrin and that’s what we’re trying to get! It’s mostly alcohol soluble and we want to take care of that and make sure it stays in there. Among other things, there are (arguably) other constituents that may be lost with too high a heat.
You can also put it out in the sun’s heat. The UV won’t harm this.
You can put it in a food dehydrator and get it to dry out as much as you can so you can powder it.
How much does it actually weight now? About 9 grams, so now we are at 10:1 ratio! Remember, we started out with 10 grams of herb. This is very very potent.
So, how do we dilute this plant? Well, we can put it back into a similar solvent (alcohol) that was around a 45% alcohol. I prefer more like 35% to 45% alcohol. I know many herbalists that like to tincture this with a high alcohol percentage. But many constituents are quite water soluble, this is why I use a lower percentage of alcohol.
This is the way we can make it into a “doseable” form. Remember, we had a 10:1 ration… for every one gram of this concentrate that we were to dilute, it would be the equivalent of 10 grams of the dried herb. Bear this in mind when you re-dilute it.
This is the best way I have found to get the Lactucarium out and to then be able to use it. And such a convenient way to carry it around or to store it. It is shelf stable, so then you can dilute it back into other substances or even take it in other ways…
There are many different ways you can take this… You could nebulize it and take it this way, you can steam it and it would probably get something out of the steam. You could smoke it, but you would probably destroy some of the constituents with the high heat of smoking. You could take it sublingually or subucal (between the cheek and gum) and let it absorb sublingually that way or absorb directly into the bloodstream. You could take it orally like many herbal remedies; inside the nasal membrane even. There are many ways we could administer this, directly to the bloodstream or through the gut and into the bloodstream this way.
All of these work, some more effective than others. But this an effective way to have a very strong and easily transportable pain relieving substance with you.
The above was transcribed from the video by Sam Coffman, Herbal Medic Read more about Sam at his website, The Human Path, Outreach Efforts, Clinical Training and Sustainability Education
And if you’d rather watch the video…