Vegetable Garden Planting Chart

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Schedule your vegetable garden planting with this guide.

As you plan which foods that you’d like to grow in your garden, remember that among other things, you must also take the following into account:

  1. Soil pH Requirements of Different Garden Vegetables
  2. Vegetable Gardening Basics (Planning, Preparing the soil, and Planting)
  3. Identifying Your Soil Type

Note: This does not include plotting for Square Foot Gardening

Food Vegetable Start Seed
Indoors
Plant in Garden
S = Seed
P = Plant
Seed
Spacing
Distance
Between Rows
Seed Depth Days to
Maturity
YIELD PER
100′ ROW
Artichokes Feb-Mar S – After Frost
P – After Frost
36″ 48″ 1/2″ 365 35+ heads
Asparagus n/a P – Mar-April 8″ between root tips 34-36″ 1/4-1/2″ 365 400+ spears
Beans, Bush (snap) n/a S – After Frost 4-6″ 18″ 1″ 60-64 80 lbs
Beans, bush (dry) n/a S – After Frost 4-6″ 24″ 1″ 90-100 8 lbs
Beans, Pole n/a S – After Frost 8″ 36″ 1″ 70-85 150 lbs
Beans, Fava n/a S – After Frost 8″ 36″ 1″ 180 20 lbs
Beans, Lima n/a S – After Frost 4-6″ 36″ 1″ 85 12 lbs
Beets n/a S – Early Spring 1″ 5″ 3/4″ 50-80 100 lbs
Bitter Melon March S – After Frost 4′ 3′ 1-2″ 90 180 melons
Broccoli Early Spring S – 3/1 – 6/15
P – 3/1 – 6/15
18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 55-90 75 lbs
Broccoli, Overwintering 7/15 – 8/1 S – Mid Summer 18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 220-250 75 lbs
Brussels Sprouts February P – March
S – 6/1 – 7/15
15-18″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 100-180 60 lbs
Burdock n/a S – 4/1 – 5/1 4′ 42″ 2″ 100 100 lbs
Cabbage, Early Early Spring P – 4/15 – 6/15 4-6″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 70-85 60 heads
Cabbage, Late Late Spring S – 5/15 – 7/15 4-6″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 85-210 60 heads
Chinese Cabbage Early Spring S – 4/15 – 6/15 4-6″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 75-80 60 heads
Carrots n/a S – Early Spring 2-3″ 12-16″ 1/4″ 70-90 100 lbs
Cauliflower, Early Early Spring S – Early Spring
P – Spring
18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 50-80 60 Heads
Cauliflower, Late Late Spring S -6/15 – 7/15 18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 80-140 60 Heads
Cauliflower, Overwinter Late Spring S – 7/1 – 8/15 18-24″ 24-36″ 1/2″ 200-260 60 heads
Celery Early Spring S – 3/15 – 5/1 12″ 18″ 1/4″ 100 100 heads
Collards 5/1 – 6/20 S -After Frost 12″ 24″ 1/2″ 80 75 lbs
Corn 5/1 – 6/15 S – After Frost 6-10″ 30″ 1 1/2-2″ 60-100 8 dos. ears
Corn, Popcorn 5/1 – 6/15 S – After Frost 6″ 32″ 1 1/2-2″ 60-100 15 lbs
Corn Salad 3/1 – 6/1 S – Early Spring 3″ 12-20″ 1/4 – 1/2″ 50 40 lbs
Cress 3/1 – 6/1 S – Early Spring 3″ 12-20″ 1/4″ 12-50 35 lbs
Cucumbers 5/1 – 7/15 S – After Frost 36″ 5-6″ hill 55-75 120 lbs
Kale 3/1 – 6/15 S – Early Spring
P – Early Spring
12″ 18-24″ 1/2″ 60-70 75 lbs
Kohlrabi 4/1 – 8/10 S – Early Spring 4″ 12-18″ 1/2-1″ 60 50 lbs
Leeks 3/1 – 5/15 S – Early Spring
P – After Frost
2″ 18″ 1/2″ 120 150 stalks
Lettuce 4/1 – 8/1 S – Early Spring 10-12″ 16″ 1/4″ 65-80 50 lbs
Luffa Spring S – Spring
P – After Frost
4′ 4″ 1-2″ 120 200 fruits
Chicory/Endive S -4/1 – 5/1 S -Spring 8-12″ 18-24″ 1/8-1/4″ 50-75 90 heads
Melons Spring S – 5/1 – 6/20 6-10′ 1 1/2″ 55-85 50-100 lbs
Mustard 3/1-8/15 S – Early Spring 6/8″ 18″ 1/2″ 30-60 100 lbs
Mustard. American 4/1 – 6/15 S -After Frost 24″ 18-24″ 1/2-1″ 45 50 lbs
Okra 5/01 – 6/15 S – After Frost 2″ 36″ 1/2″ 50-60 300+ pods
Onions 3/5 – 6/1 S – Early Spring
P – Early Spring
1/4-1/2″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 100-120 100 lbs
Parsley 3/1 – 6/1 S – Early Spring 1/2″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 80-90 30 lbs
Parsnips 4/1 – 6/15′ S – Late Spring’ 3-4″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 120 75 lbs
Peas 10/1 – 6/1 S – Late Fall, Early Spring 1″ 18-24″ 1″ 95-120 20 lbs
Peppers 3/15 – 4/15 S – After Frost
P – After Frost
12-18″ 18-24″ 1/4″ 80+ 50 lbs
Pumpkins 4/15 – 5/15 S – Late Spring
P – After Frost
hill 8-10′ 1 1/2″ 90+ 300 lbs
Purslane 4/1 – 7/1 SLate Spring 6-10″ 12-20″ 1/4″ 50 40 lbs
Radish 3/1 – 8-15 S – Early Spring 1/2″ 10″ 1/2″ 25-35 200 roots
Rhubarb 3/1 – 5/15 S – Early Spring 4′ 5-6′ 1/4-1/2″ 365 150 roots
Rutabaga 5/1 – 6/15 S – Late Spring 1/2-1″ 18-24″ 1/2″ 90-95 150 lbs
Shallots 3/1 – 5/15 S – Early Spring
P – Early Spring
5-6″ 12-20″ 1/4-1/2″ 90 25 lbs
Sorrel 5/1 – 7/1 S – Late Spring 6-10″ 12-20″ 1/2″ 50 40 lbs
Spinach 3/1 – 8/15 S – Early Spring 3″ 12-18″ 1/2″ 40-50 40 lbs
Squash, Summer 4/15 – 6/15 S – Early Spring
P – After Frost
hill 4′ 1 1/2″ 55-70 200 lbs
Squash, Winter 5/15 – 6/15 S – Spring
P – After Frost
hill 6-10′ 1 1/2″ 100-120 200 lbs
Swiss Chard 4/1 – 7/15 S – Early Spring 1/2-1″ 18-24″ 1/2-1″ 60 40 lbs
Turnips 5/1 – 8/15 S – Early Spring 1/4-1/2 12″ 1/2″ 30-55 50 lbs
Tomatoes Early Spring S – Early Spring
P – After Frost
12- 15″ 18-24″ 1/4″ 60+ 150 lbs
Watermelons 5/1 – 6/01 S – Spring
P – After Frost
4-6′ 6-10′ 1 1/2″ 55-85 50-100 lbs
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